A volcanic archipelago in the Pacific Ocean situated 1,000 km (620 mi) off the coast of Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands are a wild landscape with arguably some of the most unique wildlife on the planet. Many of its animal species are found nowhere else in the world. The islands that make up the Galapagos vary in their landscapes, from rocky and barren to lush and tropical. What type of landscape you get depends on when the island you’re on was formed: younger islands on the Galapagos’ east are rocky, while older ones to the west — where vegetation has taken hold and broken down the hard, volcanic rock — are more green.
The Galapagos are one of the world’s most remote, unique and remarkable destinations. For travellers visiting these islands, there are two main options for itineraries to choose between: the eastern islands, or the western ones.
The eastern route visits more areas with human habitation, while the western route is more remote. Here's a brief overview of what you might encounter in both directions:
Galapagos itinerary A: The eastern route
Baltra Island: Nearly all itineraries start on this island as it is the location of one of two international airports in the Galapagos.
Santa Cruz Island: This is one of the two main inhabited islands of the Galapagos. It includes places such as the town Puerto Ayora, Bachas Beach, the forested Highlands, and also the well-known Charles Darwin Research Station.
San Cristobal: This island includes Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, Punta Pitt, the San Cristobal Interpretation Center, Tijeretas Bay and Leon Dormido rock.
Floreana Island: Sites include the famous Punta Cormorant, the Highlands, the Post Office Bay, Devil’s Crown and the inlets of Enderby, Champion, and Watson, the Gardner Islets, and The Bottle.
Espanola Island: The island includes the spectacular Punta Suarez, Gardner Bay, Waved Albatross Colony, a tortoise repatriation site and Tortuga Rock.
Some itineraries include stops at Santa Fe (for sea lions, sea turtles and shark spottings), Bartolome for a short hike, or North Seymour for more wildlife viewings.
Galapagos itinerary B: The western route
Baltra Island: Same as above.
Genovesa Island: Also called “the bird island,” Genovesa is an extinct shield volcano whose caldera is now flooded by the sea. It is home to some of the most extraordinary birds in the Galapagos. Sites include Darwin Bay and the Prince Phillips Steps. Bartolome: Most boats stop here to hike to a lookout, or for a snorkel around Pinnacle Rock.
Santiago Island: A stop on this island may include visits to James Bay, Sullivan Bay, Chinese Hat, Buccaneer Cove, and Rabida Island.
Isabela Island: Isabela is the largest island in the Galapagos and includes sites such as Elizabeth Bay, Punta Vicente Roca, Urbina Bay, and Tagus Cove. Visitors can hike to the rim of the massive Sierra Negra volcano’s caldera, and visit the Tortoise Breeding Centre.
Fernandina Island: The youngest islands in the Galapagos, boats are able to make a landing here to see the lava fields of Puna Espinoza, which are teeming with marine iguanas and sea lions.
These two itineraries will see mostly the same animals with one major exception: the eastern route gets the waived albatross, while the western route gets the flightless cormorant. Plus, going east offers more chances to walk on pristine beaches and snorkel with sea lions, while taking the western way features some of the Galapagos’ more geologically interesting islands. So which one is best? Ultimately, it’s a very personal choice. No matter which route you chose the Galapagos Islands will surely result in once-in-a-lifetime memories.
Interested in visiting the Galapagos — but not sure which route to take? G Adventures offers tours to the region comprising both the eastern and western islands. Check out our small group tours to the Galapagos Islands here.